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A Record of the War Activities in Orange County, North Carolina, 1917-1919

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Title

A Record of the War Activities in Orange County, North Carolina, 1917-1919

Description

"A Record of the War Activities in Orange County, North Carolina, 1917-1919," by Annie Sutton Cameron, is a manuscript history of local efforts during World War I in Orange County, North Carolina, and related correspondence and lists of soldiers and members of local committees. Cameron's history covers the Council of Defense and the Home Guard, war bond and overseas relief campaigns, patriotic observances, the influenza epidemic of 1918, and other matters.

A chapter pertaining to the influenza pandemic covers the months October 1918 to February 1919. The chapter begins: "Early in October 1918 Dr. D. H. Hill , State Chairman of the Council of National Defense, sent letters to all County Chairmen warning them of the spread of Spanish Influenza which was threatening the whole country. In this letter he made suggestions as to what steps should be taken etc." In response to this letter, the chairmen created a County Board of Health. On 7 October 1918, this board "ordered the closing of all churches, schools, theatres etc. and forbade all meetings of every kind, in order to prevent, if possible, a spread of the disease which had already broken out in the Community."

Cameron describes various relief efforts throughout Orange County. Although these efforts were organized by the County Board of Health, most of the workers were members of the Red Cross. The chapter ends with a list of people who helped during this time period, and a list of people who died of influenza during this time period: six in Hillsborough, nine in Chapel Hill, eleven in Carrboro, four in Cedar Grove Township, and three in Little River Township.

Source

Orange County (N.C.) World War I Activities Records #566, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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