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Romanovs

Following abdication, Tsar Nicholas II and his family were placed under house arrest. After the October Revolution they were transferred to Bolshevik-controlled Ekaterinburg. As the Czechoslovak Legion and White Armies advanced on the city, the Romanovs were hastily executed by local Bolsheviks, with consent from Moscow. Tsar Nicholas, his wife, their five children, their doctor, cook and two servants were shot; their bodies were destroyed and remains concealed. The following day, six more members of the imperial family and associates were executed in a mineshaft in Alapaevsk.

- Gilliard, Pierre (1879–1962)
- Трагическая судьба российской императорской семьи
  The Tragic Fate of the Russian Imperial Family
- Constantinople: Sfinks, 1921

Pierre Gilliard was the French language instructor of the Tsar's children and tutor of Tsarevich Alexei. He followed the Romanovs to Ekaterinburg, but was separated from them upon arrival, thus avoiding execution. His memoirs provide insight into the life of the Tsar's family on the eve of the Revolution and under house arrest leading up to their execution. Gilliard assisted Sokolov in his investigation, and this publication became official evidence.

- Sokolov, Nikolai (1882–1924)
- Убийство царской семьи
  The Murder of the Tsar's Family
- 2nd Edition: Buenos Aires: Izd. Rossiiskogo imperskogo
  soiuza-ordena, 1969

- 1st Edition: Berlin: Slovo, 1925


Admiral Kolchak appointed Sokolov special investigator into the murder of the Romanovs. Sokolov collected extensive evidence from the crime scenes, but his investigation was cut short by a Bolshevik counter-offensive. Sokolov continued collecting information over the next five years during the White Armies' retreat across Siberia and in emigration, assembling the documentary basis for all future investigations. He correctly identified the victims and perpetrators, reconstructed the events, but did not have enough facts to determine the fate of the bodies, nor confirm who sanctioned the execution.

- Fund for the Assistance of Neighbors in Memory of the
  Tsar's Family

- Скорбная памятка, 1918--17 июля -- 1928
   Commemorative Album, 1918–July 17–1928
- New York?: Kassa pomoshchi blizhnim v pamiat' o tsarskoi
   sem'e, 1928?


After their execution, the Romanovs became the subject of a cult among many Russian émigrés. Monarchist organizations intent on preserving the memory of the Imperial family sprung up in Russian communities abroad, like the Fund for the Assistance of Neighbors in Memory of the Tsar's Family, which issued this publication. Each anniversary of the execution produced commemorative editions, public events, and even the construction of monuments.

- Svechin, Vladimir (1871–1944)
- Дань светлой памяти Императора Великого Мученика
  A Tribute to the Bright Memory of the Great Emperor-Martyr
- [Paris]: Izd. Soiuza revnitelei pamiati Imperatora
  Nikolaia II, 1939


After their execution, the Romanovs became the subject of a cult among many Russian émigrés. Monarchist organizations intent on preserving the memory of the Imperial family sprung up in Russian communities abroad, like the Fund for the Assistance of Neighbors in Memory of the Tsar's Family and the Union of Keepers of the Memory of Emperor Nicholas II, which issued these publications. Each anniversary of the execution produced commemorative editions, public events, and even the construction of monuments.